Different Types of Neurofeedback

Neurofeedback is a non-invasive therapy that trains your brain to self-regulate and normalize it by giving positive feedback for desire behavior. When considering Neurofeedback is recommended to know how this treatment works and why the type you are getting is the best suited for your needs.  

With almost 50 years of clinical use, Neurofeedback has developed into different approaches and methods that help achieve more precise results. Over the years, seven treatments have been designed specifically for the treatment of various disorders.  

1. Frequency/ Power Neurofeedback  

Frequency/ Power Neurofeedback is known as the most frequently used in the field. The method uses 2 to 4 surface electrodes, known as “surface neurofeedback.” It treats ADHD, anxiety, and insomnia by targeting specific brain locations and changing their amplitude or speed. 

2. Slow cortical potential Neurofeedback (SCP-NF) 

Slow cortical potential Neurofeedback improves the direction of slow cortical potentials. These are slow event-related direct-current shifts to the electroencephalogram. It treats ADHD, epilepsy, and migraines.  

3. Low Energy Neurofeedback System (LENS) 

Low Energy Neurofeedback System is a unique type of Neurofeedback. It works by delivering a weak electromagnetic signal that changes the patient brain waves, poking the brain out of maladaptive brainwave patterns it is stuck in. It takes place while the patient is motionless and whit his eyes closed. Even though LENS is not diagnosis-based, it has treat ADHD, insomnia, anxiety, depression, and traumatic brain injuries.  

4. Hemoencephalographic Neurofeedback (HEG)  

Hemoencephalographic Neurofeedback provides feedback to cerebral blood flow, increasing brain activity and performance on the target brain region.  

There are two types of HEG: Near Infrared (NIR), which measures changes in blood oxygenation levels, creating signals indicating the treatment area. And Passive Infrared (PIR) combines the classic HEG principles and a technique called thermoscope. This technique works by censoring the heat on the brain from the amount of sugar burned to maintain the metabolic rate that fuels the elevated neuronal activity. HEG is used to treat migraines.  

5. Live Z-score neurofeedback  

Live Z-score Neurofeedback is the process of both Neurofeedback and quantitative electroencephalography (QEEG). This treatment theorizes that once individuals understand their brain activity and learn to manipulate their brain waves, they will control them long after treatment finalizes. It is achieved by providing continuous feedback from a systematic database that reads the brain’s electrical activity. Live Z-score Neurofeedback is mainly used to treat insomnia, used in a wide range of clients and training needs.  

6. Low-resolution electromagnetic tomography (LORE-TA) 

Low-resolution electromagnetic tomography determines the source in the cortex by mathematically analyzing multiple EEG signals. It involves 19 electrodes to monitor phase, power, and coherence. It treats addictions, depression, and obsessive-compulsive disorder. This method can reduce the number of overall treatment sessions required and try different approaches based on the case.  

7. Functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) 

Functional magnetic resonance imaging measures the small changes in blood flow in brain activity. Since it reads the action from deep subcortical areas of the brain, this technique may detect abnormalities not found within other Neurofeedback types. 

How Can Oklahoma Neurofeedback Specialists Help?   

Oklahoma Neurofeedback Specialists is here to help you self-regulate your brain to treat a variety of conditions. Consider Neurotherapy to give your mind the tools to effectively manage your symptoms and start achieving regular, healthy brainwave activity with consistent training and support. We invite you to read more about the Neurofeedback process or book your free consultation to get started.   

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