Bipolar disorder is a personality disorder that affects around 3% of the population. Extremely high and extremely low episodes characterize it, often greatly influencing the quality of life. The cause for bipolar disorder has not been wholly identified but is one mental disorder that potentially increases the risk of suicide. Fortunately, there are numerous ways to treat bipolar disorder. This article will look at this mental condition and how Neurofeedback might be used to treat it.
What is Bipolar Disorder?
Formerly known as manic depression, bipolar disorder is a mental health condition characterized by extreme mood swings. There are several methods to treat the disorder. However, to apply the correct approach is essential to identify what type of bipolar disorder an individual is suffering from. The primary types of bipolar disorders are:
Bipolar I Disorder:
This disorder involves seven days or longer manic episodes and is diagnosed to a person who has had at least one manic episode. Symptoms are often severe and may require hospitalization.
Bipolar II Disorder:
A person who has had at least a major depressive episode or patterns of major depressive episodes may have Bipolar II disorder. The mania on this type of disorder is not as severe as Bipolar I but can still reduce the quality of life.
Cyclothymic disorder is often associated with two-year-long episodes of hypomania or depression in adults. It is not as severe as Bipolar I disorder but causes distress in everyday life.
Bipolar Disorder Not Otherwise Specified (BPNOS):
Unusual and severe symptoms related to bipolar disorder exist, but they are on a non-identifiable pattern. Anyone experiencing these symptoms will usually be diagnosed with BPNOS.
Rapid-Cycling Bipolar Disorder:
Rapid-cycling bipolar disorder occurs when a person has four or more alternating episodes of mania, hypomania, depression, or mixed states within one year.
How Might Neurofeedback Help?
Also known as an electroencephalogram (EEG), Neurofeedback can benefit those who have bipolar disorder. Neurofeedback can train the brain to have more emotional control, contributing to more stable moods. It has been successfully used to treat anxiety, PTSD, Phobias, OCD, Insomnia, Depression, and many more conditions. Those with bipolar disorder can often suffer from other mental health issues like the ones mentioned above – making treatment even more meaningful.
Neurofeedback is in the early research stages to treat bipolar disorder; however, the data suggests that it is successful if realized with medication or other forms of treatment. Simultaneously, bipolar patients who have used neurofeedback treatment say that it has helped them feel more stable with less medication.
Occasionally, individuals with bipolar disorder can get off medication and maintain stability thanks to Neurofeedback. However, this is often considered rare by professionals. Some benefits of Neurofeedback are:
The treatments provided by Neurofeedback do not require invasive procedures like surgeries, and there is no need for a recovery period.
Neurofeedback directly targets the brain activity causing the undesired behavior. In these instances, bipolar disorders can often be traced to specific, abnormal areas within the brain.
For multiple disorders like anxiety, PTSD, and ADHD, Neurofeedback has reduced the necessity for various medications. It lets the brain function more efficiently over time.